Waste Minimisation

Performance indicator: Waste Minimisation

Waste to landfill as a proportion of production output (kg/tonne)

The indicator for waste minimisation relates to waste disposed to landfill per tonne of concrete production and includes waste related to the constituent materials attributed by their proportion in the concrete.

During 2018, the value was 0.6 kg/tonne of concrete produced which is significant progress towards the 2020 target is a 90% reduction from the 2008 baseline, equivalent to 500g (0.5kg) of waste per tonne of concrete produced.

Our longer-term aspiration is for zero waste to landfill.

The equivalent value for concrete + reinforcement is 1.0kg/tonne.

Net waste consumption ratio

The net waste consumption ratio gives an overall indicator for the industry's use of waste and by products relative to its own waste to landfill, specifically:

[Waste and by-products used in concrete manufacture + materials diverted from the waste stream for use as fuels.]
divided by
[Waste to landfill generated by concrete production and its constituent materials]

In 2018, concrete was a net user of waste, consuming 271 times more recovered and waste materials than the waste it sent to landfill. This ‘step’ improvement was achieved through a combination of significantly reduced waste to landfill and a notable increase in use of recycled aggregates.

Performance indicator: Replacement of fossil fuels

Material diverted from the waste stream for use as a fuel source, as a percentage of total energy use

The industry requires high temperatures for production, primarily in cement manufacture, and this is an opportunity to safely utilise alternative combustible materials as fuel instead of non-renewable fossil fuels. Where fuels used are recognised as carbon neutral under EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), this has the additional benefit of reducing the embodied carbon of cement.

The concrete industry indicator shows the proportion of energy derived from materials diverted from the waste stream as a percentage of total energy use. In 2018, 33.5% of total energy use was from waste-derived fuels which is the highest value recorded since the strategy was launched in 2008. The 2020 target is to increase this to 50%.

These indicators are part of the Waste section of the report and 2020 Commitments. An update on our Waste 2020 Commitments.


The Twelfth Concrete Industry Sustainability Performance Report

Relevant links

WRAP programme